Glossary

Harrisonburg Transit

Harrisonburg Transit is owned and operated by the City of Harrisonburg providing local bus transit service within the City and the surrounding area along fixed bus routes. 

ISTEA

Commonly called “Ice Tea”, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 made broad changes in the way transportation decisions are made, emphasizing balance of transportation modes, strengthening public involvement and giving more power to metropolitan planning organizations, including the Staunton-Augusta-Waynesboro MPO. 

ITS

Intelligent Transportation System refers to advanced technology applications which aim to improve transportation services and traffic management and enable users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated and ‘smarter’ use of transportation networks. Examples include vehicle navigation systems, computerized signalization systems, surveillance cameras used to locate and clear accidents, etc., as well as electronic signs that notify drivers of traffic conditions. 

Land Use

The way specific portions of land or the structures on them are currently used or planned for use such as commercial, residential or industrial. 

LOS

Level of Service is a qualitative measure, “report card,” that rates traffic flow from A (excellent) through F (fail), and compares actual or projected traffic volume with the maximum capacity of the intersection or road in question. (HRMPO)

Level of Service is a measuring technique used to gauge the level of efficiency of an individual roadway or a highway network; generally expressed as A, B, C, D, E, or F, with A being the lightest level of congestion and F being the heaviest. (Orlando)

MAP-21

Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act was signed into law in 2012 and provides Federal funding authority for surface transportation programs at over $105 billion for fiscal years (FY) 2013 and 2014. MAP-21 is the first long-term highway authorization enacted since 2005. 

MOE

Measures of Effectiveness are parameters describing the quality of service provided to drivers, passengers and pedestrians. Speed, delay, passenger loadings and transit vehicle travel time could be examples. Qualitative rankings such as Level of Service and On-Time Performance would be based on these measures.

MOU

A Memorandum of Understanding is an agreement between parties. 

MPO

Federal transportation laws and regulations require the establishment of a Metropolitan Planning Organization in every urbanized area of the U.S. with a population over 50,000. MPOs are responsible for meeting the federal metropolitan planning regulations for transportation. 

Multimodal

A multimodal transportation system has the availability of multiple transportation options. A multimodal approach to transportation planning focuses on the most efficient way of getting people or goods from place to place, be it by truck, train, bicycle, automobile, airplane, bus, boat, foot and including telecommuting.